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Friday, September 05, 2008

XPath Query in Sling

I've been playing with Sling lately, and I was pleasantly surprised to find that Sling comes with a JSON query servlet that exposes SQL and XPath query capability through a RESTful HTTP GET syntax. (Thanks to Moritz Havelock for pointing this out.)

But I quickly ran into a small problem. (And just as quickly, the solution.) Allow me to explain.

The problem: I want to search for nodes in the repository that have a (multivalued) "pets" attribute containing the value "dog." Note that the "pets" attribute might have multiple values. I want to filter against just one. Therefore I can't do an equality test. I must use the XPath contains() function.

My test query was:

http://localhost:7402/content.query.json?
queryType=xpath&statement=//*[contains(@pets,'dog')]


This produced an InvalidQueryException, with a message of "Unsupported function: contains (500)".

I was a bit surprised that the servlet seemed to know nothing about any contains() function. A true "WTF moment."

Taking my hint from the stack trace, I quickly ran a Google Code Search on org.apache.jackrabbit.core.query.xpath, and immediately found the answer in XPathQueryBuilder.java: It turns out you have to use the function's qualified name, jcr:contains(). Like so:

http://localhost:7402/content.query.json?
queryType=xpath&statement=//*[jcr:contains(@pets,'dog')]


I'm so much of an XPath newb that I don't even know if I should have been surprised by this, but it did stymie me briefly. Anyway, it works now and I'm thrilled to be able to do XPath queries right from the GET-go.

1 comment:

  1. Kas, I find the JSR 170 spec quite helpful when trying to get my XPath queries to work. It contains quite a number of examples.
    Michael

    ReplyDelete

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